Hypothyroidism 101: The Causes, the Symptoms, and More
All the basics, covered.
Hypothyroidism is a condition that’s characterised by abnormally low thyroid hormone production. There are several disorders that can result in hypothyroidism, and these disorders may directly or indirectly involve the thyroid gland. As the thyroid hormone affects growth, development, and many cellular processes, inadequate thyroid hormone has widespread consequences for the body.
The easiest way to understand hypothyroidism is to consider its root meaning. ‘Hypo’ means too little, while ‘thyroidism’ is a disease of the thyroid. Hypothyroidism, therefore, is a disease of too little thyroid activity.
What Are Thyroid Hormones?
Thyroid hormones are produced by the thyroid gland. This gland is located in the lower part of the neck, below the Adam’s apple. The gland wraps around the windpipe (trachea) and has a shape that is similar to a butterfly, formed by two wings (lobes) and attached by a middle part (isthmus).
The thyroid gland uses iodine (mostly available from the diet in foods such as seafood, bread, and salt) to produce thyroid hormones. The two most important thyroid hormones are thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), which account for 99% and 1% of thyroid hormones present in the blood respectively. However, the hormone with the most biological activity is T3. Once released from the thyroid gland into the blood, a large amount of T4 is converted into T3, the active hormone that affects the metabolism of cells.
What Causes Hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism is a very common condition. It is more common in women than in men, and its incidence increases with age. Here are some of the common causes of hypothyroidism in adults.
Inflammation of the Thyroid Gland (Thyroiditis)
Hypothyroidism often results from previous or currently ongoing inflammation of the thyroid gland, which leaves a large percentage of the cells of the thyroid damaged (or dead) and incapable of producing sufficient hormone. The most common cause of thyroid gland failure is called autoimmune thyroiditis (also called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis) or, in other words, thyroid inflammation caused by a person’s own immune system.
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder that’s caused by the immune system attacking healthy tissues. In Hashimoto’s disease, immune-system cells lead to the death of the thyroid’s hormone-producing cells.
This fairly broad category includes procedures or medications that affect the thyroid’s ability to produce enough hormones to meet the body’s demands. Some of these hypothyroidism-causing treatments are done to address another thyroid disorder, but can have the side effect of inducing hypothyroidism. For example, the treatment of many thyroid conditions – including thyroid cancer – requires surgical removal of a portion or all of the thyroid gland. If the thyroid-producing cells left in the body are not enough to meet the needs of the body, the patient will develop hypothyroidism.
What Are the Risk Factors for Hypothyroidism?
Anyone can develop hypothyroidism, but you are at increased risk if you:
are a woman
are over the age of 50
were pregnant or had a baby within the past six months
have a family history of thyroid disease or any autoimmune disorder
have an autoimmune disorder, such as type 1 diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis
have taken antithyroid medications (a treatment for hyperthyroidism) or have been treated with radioactive iodine
have had thyroid surgery (partial or total thyroidectomy)
have been exposed to radiation to your neck or upper chest area
What Are the Symptoms of Hypothyroidism?
The symptoms of hypothyroidism can vary with the severity of the deficiency in thyroid hormone production and the length of time that the body has been deprived of the proper amount of hormone. Symptoms also vary between individuals – what may be one person’s main complaint might not affect another person. Most people will have a combination of symptoms. Occasionally, some patients with hypothyroidism may have no symptoms at all, or they are so subtle that they go unnoticed. These symptoms are:
Weight gain or increased difficulty losing weight
Coarse, dry hair
Dry, rough pale skin
Cold intolerance (you can’t tolerate cold temperatures like those around you)
Muscle cramps and frequent muscle aches
Abnormal menstrual cycles
If you have one or more of the symptoms listed, contact your doctor. Additionally, you may need to seek the skills of an endocrinologist. If you have already been diagnosed and treated for hypothyroidism and continue to have any or all of these symptoms, it’s important to discuss it with your physician(s).
How Is Hypothyroidism Diagnosed?
A diagnosis of hypothyroidism can take into account the following:
Medical and Family History
You should take care to tell your doctor if any of the following points are a part of your medical and family history.
Changes in your health that suggest that your body is slowing down
If you’ve ever had thyroid surgery
If you’ve ever had radiation to your neck to treat cancer
If you’re taking any of the medicines that can cause hypothyroidism (such as amiodarone, lithium, interferon alpha, interleukin-2, and maybe thalidomide)
Whether any of your family members have thyroid disease
The doctor will check your thyroid gland and look for changes such as dry skin, swelling, slower reflexes, and a slower heart rate.
Two blood tests are used in the diagnosis of hypothyroidism.
TSH (Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone) Test
This is the most important and sensitive test for hypothyroidism. It measures how much of the thyroid hormone thyroxine (T4) the thyroid gland is being asked to make. An abnormally high TSH means hypothyroidism – the thyroid gland is being asked to make more T4 because there isn’t enough T4 in the blood.
Most of the T4 in the blood is attached to a protein called thyroxine-binding globulin. The “bound” T4 can’t get into body cells. Only about 1% – 2% of T4 in the blood is unattached (“free”) and can get into cells. The free T4 and the free T4 index are both simple blood tests that measure how much unattached T4 is in the blood and available to get into cells.
How Is Hypothyroidism Treated?
Hypothyroidism can’t be cured, but in almost every patient, can be completely controlled. It is treated by replacing the amount of hormone that your own thyroid can no longer make in order to bring your T4 and TSH levels back to normal levels. So, even if your thyroid gland can’t work right, T4 replacement can restore your body’s thyroid hormone levels and your body’s function. Synthetic thyroxine pills contain a hormone exactly like the T4 that the thyroid gland itself makes. All hypothyroid patients except those with severe myxedema (life-threatening hypothyroidism) can be treated as outpatients, not having to be admitted to the hospital.
Are There Any Side Effects of Treatment?
The only dangers of thyroxine are caused by taking too little or too much. If you take too little, your hypothyroidism will continue. If you take too much, you’ll develop the symptoms of hyperthyroidism, an overactive thyroid gland.
The most common symptoms of too much thyroid hormone are fatigue, an inability to sleep, greater appetite, nervousness, shakiness, feeling hot when other people are cold, and trouble exercising because of weak muscles, shortness of breath, and a racing skipping heart. Patients who have hyperthyroid symptoms at any time during thyroxine replacement therapy should have their TSH tested. If it is low, indicating too much thyroid hormone, their dose needs to be lowered.
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How much do you enjoy your morning eggs? If you really, really like eggs then the boiled egg diet challenge may appeal to you, particularly if you are looking to shed a few kilos. The boiled egg diet is believed to work by reducing calorie consumption and increasing protein intake, which can support weight loss. Eggs are also a good source of healthy fats, vitamins, and minerals, which can support overall health.
What Is the Boiled Egg Diet?
The boiled egg diet is a weight loss method that involves consuming boiled eggs as the main source of protein while restricting carbohydrates and calories. The diet typically lasts for one to two weeks, during which time you can consume boiled eggs for breakfast, lunch, and dinner, with small amounts of vegetables and fruit allowed as snacks. It is a quick fix for releasing water weight and incorporates a special meal plan.
What is the 14 days boiled egg diet?
The 14-days boiled egg diet is a weight loss plan that focuses on incorporating boiled eggs into your meals for a two-week period. You can consume boiled eggs along with other protein sources like lean meats, fish, and vegetables. High in protein and low in carbohydrates and calories, the 14 days boiled egg diet is believed to help boost metabolism and promote weight loss.
14 Days Egg Diet Plan – Basic Guidelines
Typically, the 14 days boiled egg diet includes eating boiled eggs for breakfast, such as two or three eggs with a side of vegetables. Lunch and dinner can consist of lean proteins like grilled chicken or fish, paired with a serving of vegetables. Snacking is often limited.
14 days Egg Diet – Does it Work?
The 14-days egg diet can lead to short-term weight loss, but long-term effectiveness varies. It’s important to remember that the 14 days Boiled-Egg Diet plan may not be suitable for everyone. It’s always recommended to consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian before starting any diet plan.
Sample Menu for 14 days Boiled-Egg Diet plan
Here’s a sample menu for the 14-day boiled-egg diet:
The 10-days boiled egg diet is a weight loss plan that involves consuming boiled eggs as the main source of protein for a 10-day period. This diet gained attention when the reality TV celebrity and fitness enthusiast Khloé Kardashian mentioned that she is following a boiled egg diet.
10 Days Egg Diet Plan – Basic Guidelines
If you’re considering a 10-days egg diet plan, here are some basic guidelines to follow:
Include boiled eggs in your meals: Make eggs the main source of protein in your breakfast, lunch, and dinner in your 10-days egg diet plan
Portion control: Watch your portion sizes to manage calorie intake and avoid overeating.
Balanced meals: While following the 10-days egg diet plan, it’s best to pair your eggs with a variety of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains for a well-rounded and nutritious diet.
Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of water throughout the day to stay hydrated and support overall health.
Avoid processed foods: 10-days egg diet plan is all about clean eating. It’s best to steer clear of processed and high-sugar foods. Stick to natural, whole foods as much as possible. Have a look at our superfoods that will boost your 10-days egg diet plan.
Limit added fats and oils: While eggs are a good source of healthy fats, be mindful of additional fats like butter or cooking oils.
Physical activity: Incorporate regular exercise into your routine to complement your diet and support weight loss.
The seven day boiled egg diet is a low-calorie, high-protein, and low-carbohydrate diet that is believed to work by reducing calorie intake and increasing protein consumption, which can lead to weight loss. The boiled-egg diet typically involves consuming two to four boiled eggs per day, along with a small amount of non-starchy vegetables and some low-carbohydrate fruits. This can result in a very low-calorie intake, which may cause rapid weight loss in the short term but can also slow down metabolism and lead to muscle loss over time. So proceed carefully so as to not overdo this diet.
Eggs are a good source of protein, vitamins, and minerals, and they are low in calories. By consuming boiled eggs as the primary source of protein, dieters can restrict calorie intake without sacrificing essential nutrients. The restricted carbohydrate intake can also cause the body to use stored fat for energy, which can further promote weight loss. The recommended daily intake of protein, carbohydrates, and fat varies based on individual needs and goals, and it is important to consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietician before starting any new diet.
Is the 7 days Boiled Egg Diet Good for You?
Sustainable weight loss requires long-term lifestyle changes, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, and healthy habits. The boiled-egg diet may be effective in promoting short-term weight loss. Additionally, the boiled egg diet may not be suitable for everyone, especially those with certain medical conditions, such as diabetes or heart disease. People who are allergic to eggs or have high cholesterol levels should also avoid this diet. Read on to learn how to get started on this diet plan for weight loss. This diet is only intended to be followed for a few weeks at a time. After that, it’s important to gradually transition back to a regular diet.
7 days Boiled Egg Diet for Weight Loss
The boiled egg diet is a popular short-term diet that is said to promote rapid weight loss. The basic premise of the boiled egg diet is to eat several eggs each day, combined with low-carbohydrate vegetables and healthy fats, to help reduce calories and induce weight loss.
Eggs are a nutrient-dense food that is high in protein, which can help you feel full and reduce your appetite. The boiled egg diet typically restricts carbohydrates, which may lead to a reduction in water weight and a decrease in overall calorie intake.
It’s also important to focus on making healthy lifestyle changes, such as increasing your physical activity and reducing your intake of processed foods and added sugars, to promote long-term weight loss and overall health.
Planning and Starting the 7 days Boiled Egg Diet
Before starting the boiled egg diet, it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional or a registered dietician to ensure that the diet is appropriate for your individual needs and health status. They can help you develop a personalized plan that meets your nutritional needs, lifestyle, and goals.
Here are some general tips for planning and starting the boiled egg diet:
Set realistic goals: The boiled egg diet is a short-term diet that is not sustainable for long-term weight loss. It’s essential to set realistic goals and expectations for what you hope to achieve with the diet.
Plan your meals: Plan your meals ahead of time and make sure you have all the necessary ingredients on hand. This will help you avoid impulse eating and ensure that you’re getting all the nutrients you need.
Choose healthy fats: The boiled egg diet typically includes healthy fats such as olive oil, avocado, and nuts. It’s important to choose healthy sources of fat to promote overall health and well-being.
Choose healthy sweeteners: When choosing sweeteners while on a boiled egg diet, opt for natural and healthier options. Consider using organic, a plant-based sweetener with zero calories and a low glycemic index. Alternatively, use small amounts of raw honey or pure maple syrup for added sweetness, as they provide some beneficial nutrients.
Incorporate low-carbohydrate vegetables: While the boiled egg diet is high in protein, it’s important to also include low-carbohydrate vegetables such as spinach, kale, broccoli, and asparagus. These vegetables provide essential vitamins, minerals, and fibre that are necessary for overall health.
Stay hydrated: Drinking plenty of water or organic teas is essential for overall health and can also help you feel full and reduce your appetite.
Monitor your progress: Keep track of your weight loss progress and how you’re feeling on the diet. If you experience any negative side effects or don’t see the desired results, consider adjusting your diet or seeking guidance from a healthcare professional or registered dietician.
Foods to Eat and Avoid in the 7 days Boiled Egg Diet
The boiled-egg diet focuses on consuming boiled eggs as the primary source of protein while limiting other foods. Here’s what to eat and avoid while following the boiled-egg diet:
What to Eat:
Boiled eggs: The boiled-egg diet recommends consuming two to four boiled eggs per day. Boiled eggs are a good source of high-quality protein, vitamins, and minerals.
Non-starchy vegetables: The diet allows for a small amount of non-starchy vegetables, such as spinach, broccoli, cauliflower, asparagus, and zucchini. These vegetables are low in calories and high in fibre and nutrients.
Low-carbohydrate fruits: The boiled egg diet allows for a small amount of low-carbohydrate fruits, such as grapefruit, berries, and apples.
Water: Staying hydrated is important while following the boiled egg diet. Drink at least eight glasses of water per day.
What to Avoid:
Grains and starches: The boiled-egg diet restricts the consumption of grains and starches, such as bread, pasta, rice, and potatoes.
High-carbohydrate fruits: The diet restricts the consumption of high-carbohydrate fruits, such as bananas, mangoes, and pineapples.
Sugary foods: The boiled-egg diet restricts the consumption of sugary foods, such as candy, soda, and baked goods.
Processed foods: The diet restricts the consumption of fast food.
A Sample Menu for the 7 Day Boiled-Egg Diet
Here is a sample 7-day menu for the boiled-egg diet:
Other Versions of the Egg Diet
The boiled-egg diet is just one version of the many egg-based diets that have become popular in recent years. Here are a few other versions of the egg diet:
Egg and Grapefruit Diet: This diet combines boiled eggs with grapefruit to create a low-calorie and low-carbohydrate meal plan. The theory behind this diet is that the combination of eggs and grapefruit helps to increase weight loss.
Egg Keto Diet: This diet involves consuming only eggs, cheese, and butter for several days to induce ketosis and promote rapid weight loss. It’s a highly restrictive diet that’s typically used by people following the ketogenic diet.
The 3-Day Egg Diet: This diet involves eating only eggs and low-carbohydrate vegetables for three days. It’s a short-term diet plan that’s designed to jump-start weight loss.
The Egg and Apple Diet: This diet involves eating only boiled eggs and apples for several days. The theory behind this diet is that the combination of high protein and fibre helps to increase weight loss.
A Final Word on the 7 days Boiled Egg Diet
While the boiled egg diet can be fun and also challenging at the same time, it can get you away from excessive sugar and processed foods. It can also help people shed unwanted pounds in a limited amount of time. If done in moderation, along with an egg diet meal plan, and followed strictly only for the recommended number of days, the boiled egg diet is quite effective.
If you choose to shake things up and try the 7-day boiled egg challenge, keep in mind that this is a short-term solution. In the long run, it is essential to eat a balanced diet and incorporate regular physical activity into your routine to achieve and maintain a healthy weight. A combination of resistance training and cardiovascular exercise is beneficial for improving body composition, overall fitness, and mental health.
If you have a history of disordered eating then you must proceed with caution. If you’re struggling to lose weight or make healthy changes to your diet, consider working with a registered dietician or a healthcare professional who can provide individualised guidance and support. They can help you develop a personalized plan that meets your nutritional needs, lifestyle, and goals.
This article is for informational purposes only. It is not, nor is it intended to be, a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis, or treatment. To the extent that this article features the advice of physicians, medical practitioners, or industry experts, the views expressed are the views of the cited expert and do not necessarily represent the views of Gaggler.
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